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高考英語必背句型:特殊疑問句

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  It強調句型
  強調句的基本構成:It is/was + 被強調的部分 + who(主要指人時)/that + 其余部分
  [注意1]
  這種結構可以強調句子的主語、賓語、狀語(包括時間,地點,方式,原因等),但是不能強調謂語動詞(參考句型15)。
  原句的謂語動詞如果是現在或將來時態,用It is…that/who….;
  原句的謂語動詞如果是過去時態,用It was…that/who….;
  強調時間、地點、原因或方式時不要用when, where或how, 必須用that。
  [例句1]
  I saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.
  →It was I who saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.(強調主語)
  →It was in the street that I saw him yesterday afternoon.(強調地點狀語)
  →It was yesterday afternoon that I saw him in the street.(強調時間狀語)
  →It was him that/who I saw in the street yesterday afternoon.(強調賓語)
  [例句2]
  He didn’t go to bed until his mother came back.
  →It was not until his mother came back that he went to bed.
  He didn’t do his homework until his father came back from work.
  →It wasn’t until his father came back from work that he did his homework.
  [例句3]
  Only when you nearly lose someone do you fully realize how much you value him.
  →It is only when you nearly lose someone that you fully realize how much you value him.
  只有你快要失去某個人時,你才意識到你是多么尊重他。
  [例句4]
  I was late again because the traffic was very heavy during the rush hour.
  →It was because the traffic was very heavy during the rush hour that I was late again.
  (強調句中只能強調由because引導的原因狀語從句,because不能換成since, as, for, now that等)
  [注意2]強調句的疑問結構
  一般疑問句 Is / Was it +被強調部分 +who / that …?
  特殊疑問句 特殊疑問詞+is /was +it +who / that…?
  What is/was it that…? Who is/was it that…? When is/was it that…?
  Where is/was it that…? Why is/was it that…? How is/was it that…?
  [例句1]
  I saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.
  →When was it that you saw him in the street?
  →Who was it that you saw in the street yesterday afternoon?
  →Where was it that you saw him yesterday afternoon?
  [例句2]
  I don’t know when he will come back.
  →I don’t know when it is that he will come back.(賓語從句疑問詞后用陳述句語序)
  –How was it that you got in touch with Mr. Smith? 你是怎么和Smith先生聯系上的?
  –Trough a friend of mine. 通過一個朋友。

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